The UK National Centre for the 3Rs (NC3Rs) has recently published a report [LINK] about the opportunities to implement 3Rs principles and non-animal methods. The report identifies areas where current animal tests can be potentially replaced by alternatives (e.g., neurovirulence testing, immunogenicity testing, and specific toxicity testing). The report is being presented to the World Health Organization (WHO) Expert Committee on Biological Standardization (ECBS). The WHO will formally respond to the report and decide whether to implement any of the recommendations, a process estimated to take two to three years.

Further details on policy news and issues related with animal research in Europe can be found at


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